Periodontics Treatment

Bonita Dental Care Periodontics Treatment

Periodontics is also called periodontology and refers to a field of study that focuses on the supporting structures of the teeth like the gums and jawbone. Specialists who undergo additional training also learn how to treat illnesses like periodontal disease, which occurs when bacteria build up in the gums and causes infection.

Periodontics treatment is essential in modern dentistry because the American Dental Association (ADA) estimates that over half of all of the adults in the United States have some form of periodontal disease. When left untreated, the disease can lead to the weakening of the gums and permanent tooth loss. Even if patients don’t think they have gum disease, they should still contact a specialist like the ones here at Bonita Dental Care for a checkup.

Who Needs Periodontics Treatment?

Anyone who is suffering from periodontitis requires treatment. Periodontitis is another name for periodontal or gum disease. There are numerous symptoms, but the only way to receive a diagnosis is by getting checked by a professional dentist.

What Are the Symptoms?

Since gum disease varies based on the individual and the severity of the condition, it can express itself through a variety of ways. Some of the most common symptoms patients should look out for are:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Gums that are discolored (red, purple, or white)
  • Sores on the gums
  • Persistent halitosis (bad breath)
  • A change in the way the teeth fit together when biting down
  • Pus on the gums
  • Receding gums (ones that pull away from the teeth)

Most of these symptoms appear during the middle to advanced stages, but patients can still experience pain or bleeding during the early development of the disease.

Treatments

Periodontics treatment can be classified as nonsurgical or surgical. Nonsurgical treatment is often done during the beginning stages and includes options like scaling and root planing, which scrapes away the plaque and bacteria that cause the disease. Surgical treatments come during the late stages and include options such as flap (pocket) reduction surgery, soft tissue grafts, bone grafts, guided tissue regeneration, and tissue-stimulating proteins. Antibiotics are given as well to treat the bacteria.

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